First Arts: Inuit & First Nations Art

May 28, 2019

LOT 50

Lot 50


Lot 50 Details


argilite, bone and abalone
c. 1835-1850
4.5 x 10.75 x 1 in — 11.4 x 27.3 x 2.5 cm

Estimate $7,000-$10,000

Realised: $6,000
Price Includes Buyer's Premium ?

Lot Report

Additional Images

a B.C. private collection


In the first paragraph of the chapter on recorders in Argillite: Art of the Haida Leslie Drew writes: “In the storehouse of the British Museum in north London where most of its argillite collection is carefully preserved in deep wooden drawers, each carving swaddled in cotton batting, lie two curious slate pipes. They are styled as elbow pipes, yet each of them, when one blows through the stem hole, produces a whistle from a stop part-way along the stem. …These dual-purpose pipes suggest a ceremonial function” (p. 185).

If the whistle pipe is indeed a variation of the elbow pipe form (which is an early type of Haida argillite pipe) then this exceptional work is both early and rare. It probably predates recorder production by ten or fifteen years, and may be as rare as the recorders themselves. Furthermore, for an elbow pipe the decoration is quite elaborate. The pipe stem is surmounted by two men in European clothing; one man is depicted riding a dog, whose front paw is charmingly raised in greeting to the other. The pipe bowl depicts the head of a man in a European-style top hat. Quite amusingly he is forced to hold the whistle in his mouth, and the abalone inlay in his eyes makes it look like they are watering with the strain of the effort. The men’s heads, carved from bone, are a further elaboration and source of rarity for this remarkable work.

References: for two examples in the British Museum see Leslie Drew and Douglas Wilson, Argillite: Art of the Haida (Hancock House, 1980) p. 162. For discussions of related works (recorders) see ibid. pp. 185-187, and Peter L. Macnair and Alan L. Hoover, The Magic Leaves: A History of Haida Argillite Carving (Royal BC Museum, 1984/2002) pp. 68-71; for a superb recorder see Walker’s May 2017, Lot 55. For a ship pipe whose human figures have attached ivory or bone heads see Drew and Wilson, p. 179; for an early trade pipe with bone heads see Macnair and Hoover, fig. 96.

First Arts: Inuit & First Nations Art Auction


For condition information please contact the specialist.

LOT 50

About Condition Ratings

  • 5 Stars: Excellent - No discernable damage, flaws or imperfections
  • 4 Stars: Very Good - Minor flaws or imperfections visible only under close inspection using specialised instruments or black light
  • 3 Stars: Good - Minor flaws visible upon inspection under standard lighting
  • 2 Stars: Fair - Exhibits flaws or damage that may draw the eye under standard lighting
  • 1 Star: Poor - Flaws or damage immediately apparent under standard lighting (examples: missing components, rips, broken glass, damaged surfaces, etc.)

Note: Condition ratings and condition details are the subjective opinions of our specialists and should be used as a guide only. Waddington’s uses due care when preparing condition details, however, our staff are not professional restorers or conservators. Condition details and reports are not warranties and each lot is sold “as is” in accordance with the buyer’s terms and conditions of sale. In all cases the prospective purchaser is responsible for inspecting the property themselves prior to placing a bid.