Canadian Fine Art

May 29June 03, 2021
Auction begins to close at 8:00 pm ET

Online Auction

Lot 5


Lot 5 Details


oil on canvas
signed; also signed, titled, and dated on the reverse
48 ins x 66 ins; 121.9 cms x 167.6 cms

Estimate $8,000-$12,000

Realised: $20,400
Price Includes Buyer's Premium ?

Lot Report

Additional Images

Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto/Calgary
Private Collection, Toronto, ON


Among John Hartman’s earliest interests and influences were the German Expressionist paintings of Die Brücke – in particular, Emil Nolde (1867-1956) – the Belarus-born Paris painter Chaïm Soutine (1893-1943), American Marsden Hartley (1877-1943) and the 1980s neo-expressionist work of Germans Jörg Immendorf, Georg Baselitz and A.R. Penck.[1] 1 He described them as the“on-going dialogue with art history.”[2] 2 By the mid-1980s Hartman developed his own unique approach to “place, story and memory”[3 ] 3 to register not only the rugged Canadian Shield environs of Simcoe County and the Georgian Bay shoreline (Hartman was born in Midland and established his home and studio in Lafontaine), but histories, mythologies and people of the community. Hartman used the sky as a compositional space to populate with narrative image episodes. In part, this is a reference to historical Western religious and allegorical painting – visions that come from the sky.

In November 1989, he travelled to Cape Dorset, invited by Terry Ryan, the founding manager of the now Kinngait Studios for a month-long residency. Hartman worked alongside young and senior artists such as Kenojuak Ashevak in the lithography workshop and taught a course in drawing at what is now Nunavut Arctic College. He also made ink on paper sketches and pastel drawings of the community and people working in the print shop. On return, Hartman made watercolours, pastels and oil paintings based on his studies and memories of the Cape Dorset experiences. Dorset, Night Figure is among the (approximate) eight paintings; three were triptychs. This was a critical moment of Hartman’s development of vigorously expressive paintings.

The female figure in the sky – in a birthing position – had appeared in work prior to the Cape Dorset sojourn, and after. But Hartman noted that the setting of a night sky, a nighttime harbour with the landscape of the town and its surrounding mountains, painted in yellow, was new to his work. Three Cape Dorset paintings were first shown in a solo exhibition at Cambridge Galleries in 1990, and most recently, pastel on paper works at Feheley Fine Arts in 2018. Titled Kinngait Memories – John Hartman in Cape Dorset, the exhibition included works by Shuvinai Ashoona, Qavavau Manumie, and Jutai Toonoo. Hartman’s Dorset-subject printworks are represented in several public gallery collections; the triptych Kadloona Come to Cape Dorset, 1990, is in the collection of the Canada Council Art Bank.

Hartman’s work is represented in more than 35 public collections in Canada, as well as The British Museum. In 2020 he was appointed as a Member of the Order of Canada.

Ihor Holubizky is a cultural essayist and art historian. He received his PhD in art history from the University of Queensland. We thank him for contributing this essay.

[1]1David Milne’s late watercolours are also of great interest to Hartman, but best seen and expressed in Hartman’s drypoint etchings.
[2]2Robert Enright quoting Hartman in, John Hartman, Place, Story & Memory. Nicholas Metivier Gallery, 2012. np
[3]3The Metivier Gallery exhibition title. Ibid.


The work is in excellent condition with no visible issues to report. Under ultraviolet light, nothing fluoresces.

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and mandated government restrictions, Waddington’s regrets that we are unable to make lots from this auction available for pre-auction, in-person inspection. This condition report has been prepared by Waddington’s as a courtesy and has been provided for guidance only. The Lot is offered in the condition it is in at the time of sale. Any reference to condition in the report for the Lot does not amount to a full description of condition. The images of the Lot form part of the condition report for the Lot provided by Waddington’s. Please note, certain images of the Lot provided online may not accurately reflect the actual condition of the Lot and may represent colours and shades which are different to the Lot’s actual colour and shades. Waddington’s specialists are not professional conservators or restorers and the report set forth is a statement of opinion genuinely held by Waddington’s. Prospective buyers should bear in mind that this report will not disclose any imperfections which may only be revealed during the course of subsequent restoration. Buyers are reminded that Waddington’s warranties with respect to any property are limited as set forth in the Conditions of Sale and do not extend to condition.


About Condition Ratings

  • 5 Stars: Excellent - No discernable damage, flaws or imperfections
  • 4 Stars: Very Good - Minor flaws or imperfections visible only under close inspection using specialised instruments or black light
  • 3 Stars: Good - Minor flaws visible upon inspection under standard lighting
  • 2 Stars: Fair - Exhibits flaws or damage that may draw the eye under standard lighting
  • 1 Star: Poor - Flaws or damage immediately apparent under standard lighting (examples: missing components, rips, broken glass, damaged surfaces, etc.)

Note: Condition ratings and condition details are the subjective opinions of our specialists and should be used as a guide only. Waddington’s uses due care when preparing condition details, however, our staff are not professional restorers or conservators. Condition details and reports are not warranties and each lot is sold “as is” in accordance with the buyer’s terms and conditions of sale. In all cases the prospective purchaser is responsible for inspecting the property themselves prior to placing a bid.