The Canada Auction

Auction begins to close:
June 09, 2022 at 8:00 pm ET

Online Auction

Lot 1


Lot 1 Details


watercolour on card
signed and dated
16 ins x 20 ins; 40.6 cms x 50.8 cms

Estimate $12,000-$16,000

Realised: $55,200
Price Includes Buyer's Premium ?

Lot Report

Additional Images
  • WALTER JOSEPH PHILLIPS, R.C.A. (1884-1963)
  • WALTER JOSEPH PHILLIPS, R.C.A. (1884-1963)
  • WALTER JOSEPH PHILLIPS, R.C.A. (1884-1963)
  • WALTER JOSEPH PHILLIPS, R.C.A. (1884-1963)
  • WALTER JOSEPH PHILLIPS, R.C.A. (1884-1963)

Private collection, Washington


Walter J. Phillips is one of Canada’s most distinguished graphic artists and is considered the master of colour woodblock printing in Canada. Lake of the Woods, with its villages and varied landscapes, served as muse across all of Phillips’ chosen mediums and inspired his greatest production. He created 11 etchings, 40 woodblocks, five engravings, and innumerable watercolours inspired by Lake of the Woods. Norman Bay, Lake of the Woods and Winnipeg River, Lake of the Woods demonstrate Phillips’ mastery of the English watercolour style. It was a common practice for Phillips to develop a woodcut design from a watercolour, as is the case with both of these paintings.

Norman Bay, Lake of the Woods: Phillips stayed in Norman Bay his first few years visiting “the lake.” This piece captures Phillips’ love of nature and expression of beauty. From this painting Phillips reused the foreground with its wild roses and grass growing through the granite for the woodcut Norman Bay, Lake of the Woods (1920). Norman Bay’s defining shoreline reappears in the woodcut print Norman Bay No. 2 (1923) for which he received international recognition in 1924, winning the Storrow Prize at the International Exhibition of Prints in Los Angeles. Phillips’ piece stood apart for his innovative use of local pine wood in addition to the traditional use of cherry. The natural lines of the pine grain mimicked perfectly the wave action along the lakeshore and earned Phillips worldwide praise.

Winnipeg River, Lake of the Woods: A walk down the railroad tracks from Norman Bay took Phillips to the mouth of the Winnipeg River. He later turned this watercolour composition into the etching The Backwater (1917). Phillips’ introduction to printing was through the etching medium (1915). His works were produced in very limited quantities and he ultimately abandoned the etching process in 1918, resulting in the rarity of these works. Phillips was influenced by a Japanese aesthetic which favoured a dominant element of flora in the foreground of many of his woodcut compositions. The arching pine branch of this watercolour reappears in Phillips’ woodcut Morning (1924).

Sophie Lavoie is a curator and art consultant, with a specialty in the works of Walter J. Phillips. She is the curator of The Muse: Douglas Family Art Centre in Kenora, Ontario.


Paper laid on card. Some paper adhesion to edges. Staining in bottom left corner. Overall good condition.

Please contact the specialist for further condition information.


About Condition Ratings

  • 5 Stars: Excellent - No discernable damage, flaws or imperfections
  • 4 Stars: Very Good - Minor flaws or imperfections visible only under close inspection using specialised instruments or black light
  • 3 Stars: Good - Minor flaws visible upon inspection under standard lighting
  • 2 Stars: Fair - Exhibits flaws or damage that may draw the eye under standard lighting
  • 1 Star: Poor - Flaws or damage immediately apparent under standard lighting (examples: missing components, rips, broken glass, damaged surfaces, etc.)

Note: Condition ratings and condition details are the subjective opinions of our specialists and should be used as a guide only. Waddington’s uses due care when preparing condition details, however, our staff are not professional restorers or conservators. Condition details and reports are not warranties and each lot is sold “as is” in accordance with the buyer’s terms and conditions of sale. In all cases the prospective purchaser is responsible for inspecting the property themselves prior to placing a bid.